Sports Medicine
A Crucial Period
Good Pain, Bad Pain
On Your Knees
Secondary Injuries
Imaging Technology
What's Sciatica?
The Female Athlete
Putting Your Feet First
Itis Schmitis
Too Much, Too Soon
Under the Influence
What's Goin' On?
Think Inches, Not Pounds
Preventing Vaginitis
That Painful Pull
Athlete's Heart
Exercise & Arthritis
Chilled to the Bone
Measuring Body Fat
Exercise and Your Breasts
Choosing a Sports Doctor
Lean on Me (Shoulder)
Exercise & Anemia
Exercise Abuse
Pelvis Sighting
Hand Aid
It's All in the Wrist
Back in Action
Altitude Adjustment
Tennis Elbow, Anyone?
Exercising in the Heat
Agony of the Feet
Restless Legs
Night Time Cramps
Birth Control Concerns
No Periods, No Babies?
Post Partum Prescription
Weight Loss Mystery
Undesirable Cooldown
To Brew Or Not To Brew
Fitness After Baby
Biking and Back Pain
Swimmer's Shoulder
A Hidden Athlete
Avoiding Osteoporosis
Drug Testing
Maximum Heart Rate
Headway Against Headaches
Torn Rotator Cuff
Fat Figures
Bloody Urine
Sag Story
Lackluster Leg
Bothersome Bulge
Gaining in Years
Taking It On the Shin
Aching Ankles
Hoop Help
Tender Toes
Meals For Muscle
Growing Pains
Hot Tips
High Altitude PMS
Personal Bests
Air Pollution
Ankle Blues
Heartbreak Heel
Yeast Relief

Exercise and Arthritis


Diagnosis is made by a combination of physical findings, joint-fluid analysis, blood test and X-ray findings. joints may also be involved in some other forms of auto-immune disease, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. In these other conditions, joints are usually not destroyed by the inflammatory process, but may be very sore and painful, a condition called arthralgia.

Because of the fatigue and pain present with rheumatic diseases, individuals often stop conditioning programs and gain weight. They are fearful of injuring or aggravating their underlying conditions.

Except during acute flare-ups, regular aerobic exercise benefits these people by increasing strength, endurance, flexibility cardiovascular conditioning, weight loss and quality of life. Supervised exercise programs may be the most beneficial because they help assure correct form; they also increase motivation and help an out-of-shape person learn his or her limits.

Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis does not "spread" to other joints. if you do not experience pain in your knee, ankle or hip when you run, you do not need to worry that your exercise program will cause arthritis down the line.

Tips to prevent arthritis

I. Maintain a normal body weight. Obese people have a greater risk of developing osteoarthritis.

2. Protect your joints from degeneration by maintaining good posture.

3. Train to develop balance between the opposing muscle groups around joints. For example, the quadriceps should be one-and-a-half times as strong as the hamstrings for proper knee support.

4. Maintain a consistent exercise program. Strong bones, ligaments and healthy cartilage used in a normal manner may lessen your chance of developing osteoarthritis.

5. Rest when tired or injured. Fatigued or weak muscles have less ability to absorb shock and may transmit more impact to bones. If you have an injury, make sure the supporting structures are in balance before resuming vigorous training.

6. Do not exercise on acutely injured or inflamed joints unless cleared by your physician.

7 Seek medical care early for effective treatment of any form of arthritis. The sooner you get treatment, the less joint damage will occur.

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About the authors: Carol L. Otis, M.D., is Chief Medical Advisor to the Sanex WTA and UCLA student health physician. Roger Goldingay is a former professional soccer player. They are married and the co-authors of The Athletic Woman's Survival Guide.

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Billie Jean King

Comments by Barb Harris
Editor in Chief,
Shape Magazine

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The information in this web site is for educational purposes only and is not providing medical or professional advice. It should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. It is not a substitute for professional medical care. If you have or suspect you might have any health problems, you should consult a physician.

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